Thursday, April 25, 2013

Reading Techniques: Reading Aloud, Silent Reading, Reading Comprehension and Independent Reading According to Prof. Kasihani Suyanto

Reading Techniques: Reading Aloud, Silent Reading, Reading Comprehension and Independent Reading According to Prof. Kasihani Suyanto. In Kasihani (2007: 64), she differentiates reading activities into four parts namely reading aloud, silent reading, reading comprehension and independent reading.

1. Reading Aloud

Reading aloud activity is meant to train the students in order that they can read with clearly intonation and pronunciation. Reading with loud voice is a purpose to be able to pronounce words, phrases and sentences correctly.

2. Silent Reading

Silent reading activity is meant to train the students to read without voice in order that the students can concentrate their attention or though to comprehend the texts.

3. Reading Comprehension


Reading comprehension activity is meant to get the information of the texts. To measure students’ reading comprehension, the teacher sometimes provides a number of questions related to the reading passage given or true and false form. Furthermore, Richard et al in El Sami Ali (2001) defines reading comprehension as the understanding that results from perceiving a written text.

4. Independent Reading
 
If the students are already able to read by using silent reading, reading aloud and reading comprehension, then the students move to independent reading.  In Wikipedia (accessed on April 23, 2013) it is said that independent reading is a term used in educational settings, where students are involved in choosing and reading material (fiction books, non-fiction, magazine, other media) for their independent consumption and enjoyment. People choose to read independently. It gives student the right to be creative in what they want to read. Usually Independent Reading is conducted alongside the ongoing curriculum in the classroom. Independent Reading can be tied to assessment and evaluation or remain as an activity in itself.

References:
Suyanto, K. (2007). English For Young Learner: Melejitkan Potensi Anak Melalui English Class Yang Fun, Asyik dan Menarik. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

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