Thursday, April 25, 2013

Definition of Reading According to some Experts - General Concept of Reading

Definition of Reading According to some Experts - General Concept of Reading || According to Burhan (2012: 9), reading is a physic and mental activity to reveal the meaning of the written texts, while in that activity there is a process of knowing letters. It says a physic activity because the parts of the body, our eyes particularly, do it. And it says mental activity because perception and memory as parts of though are involved in it. He then concludes that the main goal of reading is a process of comprehending written texts.



Dealing of it, Cline et.al (2006: 2), states that reading is decoding and understanding written texts. Decoding requires translating the symbols of writing system (including Braille) into the spoken words which they represent. Understanding is determined by the purposes for reading, the context, the nature of the text, and the readers’ strategies and knowledge. Further, Cline et.al (2006: 2) in their second definition states that reading is the process of deriving meaning from the text. For the majority of readers, this process involves decoding written text. Some individuals require adaptation such as Braille or auditorization to support the decoding process. Understanding is determined by the purposes for reading, the context, the nature of the text, and the reader’s strategies and knowledge.

And based on the experts quotation above, I then define reading as the process of decoding and understanding of a writing system into the spoken words they represent and at the same time analyze the meaning or the messages of the text by paying attention to the intonation, stressing and pronunciation.

Writer: Jupri Malino
References:
1. Fanani, B. E., (2012). Teknik Baca Cepat Trik Efektif Membaca 2 Detik 1 Halaman. Yogyakarta: Araska.

2. Cline, F., Johnstone, C., & King, T. (2006) Focus Group Reaction to Three Definition of Reading (as Originally Developed in Support NARAP Goal 1). Minneapolis, M.N.: National Accessible Reading Assesment Project.

3. Images Source: http://mirza3m.com/2011/07/01/cara-membaca-efektif/

1 comment:

  1. Hello Sir,
    I alike your article. I just need the reference for the definition of Burhan (2012). By chance do you know name of the article/book?

    ReplyDelete